The chemical compound potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. In its pure state, it is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance, with a crystal structure that cleaves easily in three directions. Potassium chloride crystals are face-centered cubic. Potassium chloride was historically known as “muriate of potash”. This name is occasionally still encountered in association with its use as a fertilizer. Potash varies in color from pink or red to white depending on the mining and recovery process used. White potash, sometimes referred to as soluble potash, is usually higher in analysis and is used primarily for making liquid starter fertilizers. KCl is used in medicine, scientific applications, and food processing. It occurs naturally as the mineral sylvite and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite.

Appearance White Crystalline Powder
Identification Positive
Whiteness > 80
Assay > 99%
Loss on Drying =< 0.5%
Acidity and Alkalinity =< 1%
Solubility Freely soluble in water, practically insoluble in ethanol
Heavy Metals (as Pb) =< 1mg/ kg
Arsenic =< 0.5mg/ kg
Ammonium (as NH﹢4) =< 100mg/ kg
Sodium Chloride =< 1.45%
Water Insoluble Impurities =< 0.05%
Water Insoluble Residue =<0.05%


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